Forecasting and anticipation
Contact hours
27 H
Number of spots
Open to visitors

Pedagogical contribution of the course to the program

LEARNING GOAL 1 : Students will master state-of-the-art knowledge and tools in management fields in general, as well as in areas specific to the specialized field of management.

Students will identify a business organization’s operational and managerial challenges in a complex and evolving environment.
Students will understand state-of-the-art management concepts and tools and use them appropriately.
Students will implement appropriate methodologies to develop appropriate solutions for business issues.
LEARNING GOAL 2 : Students will develop advanced-level managerial skills.
Students will work collaboratively in a team.
Students will communicate ideas effectively, both orally and in writing, in a business context.


This course deals with the important strategic issue of anticipating the future(s). Based on the scenario-building method, this course provides the students with the capabilities to analyze a present ecosystem, highlight the important factors and events, discuss the influencing actors, and build the relevant scenarios based on these elements. The students work on the previously framed topics.

Teaching methods


- Lectures
- Tutorials
- E-learning

In group

- Exercises
- Oral presentations
- Projects
- Case studies/texts


- Discussions/debates


No items in this list have been checked.

Learning objectives

Cognitive domain

Upon completion of this course, students should be able to
  • - (level 1) Describe the present ecosystem of a given topic of study
  • - (level 2) Recognize key factors, actors and events of the given ecosystem
  • - (level 5) Formulate hypotheses for the future(s), based on present information
  • - (level 5) Assemble anticipative projections to create scenarios
  • - (level 6) Predict evolution of key factors of a given ecosystem
  • - (level 6) Recommend the actions for the developed scenarios.

Affective domain

Upon completion of this course, students should be able to
None affective domain have been associated with this course yet


Section 1 Introduction to Futures Section 2 Introduction to multiple foresight methods Section 3 Scanning the environment - Identifying the influential factors Section 4 Research and analysis of a system's elements Section 5 Mapping an ecosystem Section 6 Projections and formulation of hypotheses of evolution Section 7 Building and communicating scenarios Section 8 Final presentation of the written scenarios and recommended actions

No prerequisite has been provided

Knowledge in / Key concepts to master

Good command of English.

Teaching material

Mandatory tools for the course

- Computer
- Other :

Documents in all formats

- Other :

Moodle platform

- Upload of class documents
- Interface to submit coursework
- Assessments


No items in this list have been checked.

Additional electronic platforms

No items in this list have been checked.

Recommended reading

The list will be provided during the first session.

The list will be provided during the first session.

EM Research: Be sure to mobilize at least one resource

Textbooks, case studies, translated material, etc. can be entered
- Bootz, J.P. "Effectuation and Foresight – an exploratory study of the implicit links between the two concepts", (with K. Djuricic), Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2018 [CNRS cat. 2 / FNEGE rang 2 / HCERES] - Bootz, J.P. "La prospective, une source d’apprentissage organisationnel ? : revue de la littérature et analyse critique", (with E.Schenk), Management & Avenir, Vol. 3, n° 53, April 2012, pp.34-53 [CNRS cat. 4 / FNEGE rang 3 / HCERES]


List of assessment methods

Intermediate assessment / continuous assessment 1Other (date, pop quiz, etc.) : All sessions
Written and oral / Group / English / Weight : 45 %
Details : Delivery of documents and analyses for each step of the method. Based on collective work during and between the sessions.
This evaluation is used to measure LO1.3, LO2.1, LO2.3
Intermediate assessment / continuous assessment 2Other (date, pop quiz, etc.) : All sessions
Oral / Individual / English / Weight : 20 %
Details : Learning diaries on the mandatory readings + a learning diary on the course
This evaluation is used to measure LO1.1
Final evaluationClass no. TBD
Written / Individual / English / Weight : 35 %
Details : The students will be asked to respond to a series of questions related to the lecturing materials and mandatory readings.
This evaluation is used to measure LO1.2
No assessment methods have been attributed to this course yet.